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Mark
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Mark
A flock of Albatross over the Arctic Ocean. I spent a few days in Svalbard in Feb-March 2020, a Norwegian archipelago only a few hundred miles away from the North Pole. The light is celestial this time of year - it looks like sunrise all day long because the sun stays so low in the horizon.
If the sea ice is already broken, boats are allowed to sail through it, but if it’s still intact, they’re not allowed to cut through it thanks to regulations from the Norwegian Climate Foundation. Polar bears need intact sea ice to hunt for food, otherwise they resort to other methods - they start approaching towns and people, which doesn’t always end well for both bear and human.




This is a special halo called a parhelion or ‘sun dog’ caused by the refraction of sunlight by ice crystals suspended in the atmosphere. I came across this one in Lapland, Finland. Parhelia can occur anywhere in the world but are best seen where the sun is near the horizon.



The winter sun sits low in the horizon in this two-month-long exposure from my window sill in Cambridge (Dec-Feb). You can see the full path the sun takes from east to west, where each trail represents a new day. The trails are very condensed here because it was taken during wintertime, but as the sun travels further up the horizon after the winter solstice, the trails start to get higher and higher. They will reach their peak height during the summer solstice in June. I took this photo using special film that’s only sensitive to direct sunlight.



This photo was chosen to be part of the Royal Photographic Society’s 161st International Exhibition and exhibited in the Royal Albert Hall in June 2019. It was taken in the Dead Sea in Jordan, one of the world’s oldest natural health resorts. Despite its ominous name, the Dead Sea used to be one of my favourite places when I was little. I grew up less than an hour away from it and have regularly gone back to shoot some photos there. Every time I go back, I am alarmed by how much smaller the sea looks - it is disappearing at a staggering rate. The sea level is decreasing remarkably, revealing sinkholes and wreaking havoc in the local ecosystem. The sea is such a small dot on the map now that I feel a strong compulsion to capture it as the magnificent place I remember it to be. 



Kiruna is a sleepy town in Swedish Lapland where the sun barely rises in January (90 miles north of the Arctic Circle). It almost looks like twilight time all day long. This was the moment we arrived ar our accommodation after pulling our luggage uphill for a mile. My friends and I were staying in one of those houses behind the trees. I will never forget the quietness of this place.
Ice-free areas of the Arctic Ocean absorb more heat from the sun and become warmer, increasing humidity near the surface. When the humidity at the surface reaches a threshold, the moisture is released into the atmosphere. In its vapour form, this water is a greenhouse gas that can lead to further warming and ice loss.



The amethyst stone is considered to be the jewel of Lapland. Located on top of the Lampivaara hill in Pyha-Luosto National Park in Finland, this building is currently the only operating amethyst mine in Europe. The amethyst found in the pits of this mountainous region was formed over 2 billion years ago, so it is half as old as Earth. To protect the surrounding environment, the miners here extract the amethyst using only manual tools like small chisels, hammers and pans. In wintertime, there are no open roads to the top of this hill, so if you really want to learn about the mine and dig up some of your own gemstones, you have to be escorted there in a purple snowmobile!



The UK sky was bathed in this eerie red glow in October 2017 when Hurricane Ophelia made its way from the Atlantic carrying tropical heat and Saharan dust. It is no secret that the intensity, frequency and duration of hurricanes, as well as the frequency of the strongest hurricanes, have all increased since the 1980s. The IPCC AR5 presents a strong body of scientific evidence that most of the global warming observed over the past half century is very likely due to human-caused greenhouse gas emissions.



The Dead Sea is full of huge slabs of salt that extend from one side of the sea to the other. Every year, as the sea continues to disappear, these slabs become more prominent.



The island of Mykines in the Faroe Islands is home to about half a million puffins. The way these birds concertedly circle the skies all day looking for food is a phenomenon I will never forget. When on Mykines, you are encouraged to only walk on the designated trails to avoid damaging the puffin nests that lie in the grass all around you.